Photoshop 101: Using The Transform & Free Transform Tools
Learn how to scale, skew, rotate and generally ' Transform' your images to get a better result
Each of the transform commands enables you to change a different geometric aspect of a layer or pixel selection. They are powerful but destructive tools, working by manipulating pixels, but can also be very useful if you need to correct lens distortion or if you have to change the shape and size of the subject. Among the commands that allow you to manually adjust layers and preset commands for common rotations and flip orientations.
Transform only affects layers selected in the layers palette (Window>layers). If you want to want to adjust all the image's layers simultaneously, click on the top layer, then the bottom layer while holding down shift or hold Cmd and select the layer you want to alter individually. For you to transfer an image in Photoshop CS4, you will first need to unlock the background layer in your layers palette by double-clicking on it. giving it a name when the dialogue box appears, then clicking Ok. In photoshop elements 9, however, it automatically unlocks the background layers once you try to use the transform commands.
To access the commands in Photoshop CS4, click Edit>Transform. for the drop-down menu to appears around the image. if you have selected your tool, a bounding box appears around the image. If you are using element 9, you can access the commands via Image>Transform . Both packages offer free transform, which will cover later, and is the most powerful command comprising all the transform commands(except Wrap), but it' also trickiest to use. to get started, you may find them easier to use one of the specialized commands detailed here so that you do not have to worry about inadvertently adjustment the picture in the wrong direction.
Where Do I Find The Commands?
1) Again (Ctrl+Shift+T): Once you have applied a transform command. Click Again to repeat the command. it's useful you need to make the same precise adjustments to several images.
2)Scale: Resize the image by clicking on the corner anchor points of the bounding box, holding Shift to constrain the proportions.
3)Rotate: This enables you manually turn an image or selection, as opposed to using the preset 90 increments found later down the Transform menu. In addition, place the cursor outside the bounding box and rotate the image left or right once the bent arrow appears. You can hold down Shift constraint the rotation to 15 increments.
4) Skew: This can be used to correct or apply slants in an image. For instance, if an image has a building that looks like it's leaning, you can use this command to straighten it.
5) Distort: : Use this command to stretch the image in any direction you pull it in. Hold down the Ctrl key while adjusting the bounding box to distort the layer or hold down Alt if you want to make the distortion symmetric.
6) Perspective: : You can either make objects looks like they are further away from you or closer to you by stretching or compressing the image. And Drag the corner anchor points to adjust the perspective of the image to correct distortion or create effects.
7) Wrap: Manipulating up nine sectors of an image by pushing and pulling the pixels in any direction using the wrap command and It will curve and bend the edges of an image or selection. Photoshop Elements 9 doesn't have this command, but you can use the liquify Filter similar effects.
8) Rotate & Flip: The bottom two sections of the menu hold some common preset commands for quick adjustments. They include rotating layers in 90 increments and flipping them vertically or horizontally. Simple stuff!
Free Transform is the most versatile command, but also the toughest to use and allows you to scale, distort, rotate, skew and adjust perspective using a combination of modifier key combination ( see below) in conjunction with moving different anchor points. Furthermore, You can access This Via Edit>Free Transform or clicking on the Move Tool and showing the Show Transform Controls box in the top toolbar.
You can also apply Transforms to individuals selections, using the transforms selection command. This tool works exactly the same way as free transform and you are able to use the same modifier key combinations listed below. Make selection using a selection tool such as the magnetic lasso, and click Select>Transform Selection. Before you are able to make any transform adjustments. You will need to commit to the selection by pressing Enter. You Then have a number of options.
Change Hight and width : Click an anchor point on any side of bounding box and drag to adjust the height or width separately . Scale: Clicking a corner anchor point to adjust the height and width simultaneously and hold down the Shift key if at the same if you want to lock the proportions to avoid distorting the image. Moreover, Alternatively, hold down the Alt key while dragging the corner anchor point to scale the selection around the crosshair in the center of the bounding box, which you can be anywhere in the selection to Alt to constrain the proportions of scale.
Rotate: Click outside the bounding box by one of the anchore points and a curved arrow will appear, click and rotate left or right.
Skew: This can be used to correct or apply slants in an image. For instance, if an image has a building that looks like it's leaning, you can use this command to straighten it.
Distort: : Use this command to stretch the image in any direction you pull it in. Hold down the Ctrl key while adjusting the bounding box to distort the layer or hold down Alt if you want to make the distortion symmetric.
Perspective: : You can either make objects looks like they are further away from you or closer to you by stretching or compressing the image. Drag the corner anchor points to adjust the perspective of the image to correct distortion or create effects.
1) To Use Free Transform. Select from Edit Menu or use Crtl+T with the image selected
2) Hold outside one of the anchor points and move cursor to rotate.
3) Hold Click key and drag a anchor point to distort the image.
4) Drag any corner or side tab to adjust images height and width.